Ghana’s economy is growing rapidly. Ghanaians are buying imported cars, which contain often modern electronics, like automatic transmission. In order to be able to repair these cars, Ghana’s mechanics need to upgrade their skills. Teachers in the automotive sector therefore have to teach a new curriculum, which requires new skills from them as well. Krobea interviewed teachers to identify the current challenges and skills gaps. How did Krobea support teachers and help them to implement the new curriculum?
Krobea interviewed teachers to identify technical challenges and skills gaps. Krobea also reviewed teachers’ syllabuses to find out whether these covered the new skills areas.
Based on these gaps, a ToT was organized. The training was not only for Krobea’s teachers. The project also supports informal training, in which apprentices are trained by practising mechanics: mastercraftsmen. These experienced mastercraftsmen were also invited to the ToT. This created good synergy: the teachers could learn from the practical skills of the mastercraftsmen, while the mastercraftsmen could tap into the teachers’ didactical knowledge. Both teachers and mastercraftsmen were helped to design lesson plans and practical assignments.
Since technical knowledge on the electric devices in cars was lacking, a Dutch centre of expertise (Innovam) was found to fill the gap.
Training sessions to cover new and additional skills were organized at a local training institute in Ghana, using equipment that had been bought for the workshop. New equipment proved to be necessary, and this was purchased later on.
The competency-driven approach was based on the materials assembled by Innovam and the teaching methodology used during the training.
- Designed the competency based training curriculum and syllabus for the training, to be used by automotive teachers at the senior high technical school and experienced master craftsmen.
- Provided 20 days of ToT in CBT automatic transmission and electronic cars.
- Helped Krobea and Learn4Work to acquire the educational materials for the training.
- After evaluation, helped Krobea and the Ghanaian National Association of Garages to improve the programme delivered.
- Provided a training manual for the programme.
- Provided in-service training to two teachers visiting the Netherlands.
- Drew up a maintenance plan for the project.
- Ghana National Association of Garages
- Installed new machines and carried out repairs during the implementation period.
- Helped Krobea to acquire the workshop facilities.
- Did a tracer study/collected feedback from students and mechanics who had completed the training.
- Will report on the number of trainees who gained meaningful employment after the training and will also report on the number of trainees who do attachments and internships in garages.
- Assisted Krobea with recruiting participants for the training.
- Ministry of Education
- Helped to incorporate the curriculum into national vocational training programmes and helped to get accreditation for the training .
- Local teachers (Ghanaian)
- Facilities provided by a knowledge centre in the Netherlands
- Facilities provided by a local training institute
- Knowledge (Dutch automotive specialist)
- Training courses (two-week training courses in Ghana)
- Assistance of technical expert during implementation of the first and second years of the new curriculum
Between five and ten teachers from the automotive department are able to teach all of the subjects that have been integrated into the new curriculum.
The workshop is maintaining and repairing all school vehicles (including privately-owned vehicles) and is helping local garages with difficult repairs.
After the training, the mastercraftsmen confirmed that they had learned new skills that would help them in their workshops. They are now able to diagnose and fix complex problems in car electronics.
After several local training sessions, the best teachers will be selected for additional training in the Netherlands. It is hoped that these teachers will be able to fix more complex problems after their training.
The two-week training period for the teachers and the experienced mastercraftsmen proved to be very short; they were unable to grasp all of the material in such a short period.
Try to identify teachers with great potential in whom to invest more time and resources. Give them further training (abroad, if necessary), and then they can train other teachers in future.
Ghanaian garage owners and a vocational school have developed a course together. Through this course the mechanics of the future will be able to repair newly imported cars which requires advanced technical skills.
|Lead partner:||Krobea Asante Technical Vocational Institute|
|Overall budget for the project:||€ 301.748|
|Learn4Work contribution:||€ 95.000|
|Partner contribution:||€ 206.748|
|Implementation period:||April 2014- December 2016|
In 2013 Ghana was one of the top-ten fastest growing economies in the world. This economic boom triggered an explosive number of imported cars been driven on the roads, causing daily traffic nightmares around rush hours in the bigger cities. The imported cars are increasingly modern electronic and automatic transmission vehicles. This is a challenge for Ghana’s mechanics, who need to upgrade their skills on how to repair such cars.
Training on new Technology
This project presents a unique collaboration between a vocational education college and local mechanics in Effiduase, a town close to the regional capital of Kumasi. The Kumasi area is buzzing with trade and growing rapidly. It is also known for its numerous car mechanics; people from all over Ghana travel to Kumasi in search of spare parts and mechanics for their cars. To kick-off the project a well-equipped training workshop with the latest machines and tools will be established. Here, mechanics who own a garage and teachers from the vocational school will be trained on how to diagnose problems and repair electronic and automatic transmission cars.
They will also receive training on entrepreneurial skills and how to effectively transfer knowledge and skills to students. Students from the vocational school will work as an apprentice in a garage. The garage owners in turn will train them on the newest technology.
Mechanics will have first-hand experience and the knowledge and skills needed to fix the newly imported cars. The teachers and mechanics will work together to ensure the curriculum of the vocational school will be adapted to include these new skills. Similarly, graduates will be asked to provide input on the curriculum based on their work experience. These graduates will be able to work all over the country. Their skills and knowledge of the new technology are in in high demand. A local microcredit organisation will also provide loans to students who plan to set up their own workshop. In the long run the national curriculum should be adapted. This will ensure Ghana’s automotive vocational schools are up-to-date and graduates will have the necessary skills to find a job. Best practice methods will be shared as part of the lobby strategy with the Ghana Education Service, the institution in charge of national curriculum reforms.
Public and Private Partnership
Krobea Asante Technical Vocational Institute will lead this innovative project where the private sector informs and helps to shape the content of the vocational training program. The main partners are the mechanics and garage owners who are a part of the Ghana National Association of Garages. Krobea is interested in connecteting with Dutch automotive schools and to start an exchange programme where teachers and students share technical knowledge and experience. In the long run, the partnership seeks to increase the import rates of spare parts.
Other Contributing Partners:
Local Enterprises & Skills Development Program (LESDEP), INNOVAM, Management for Development Foundation West Africa (MDF WA), foundation GeredGereedschap.
Bawa Mohammed is a teacher at the Krobea Asante Technical Institute. He has been teaching in the automotive department for four years. Bawa had been experiencing difficulties using modern tools and equipment. This is what Bawa had to say: ‘This training is timely and has furthered my understanding of practical training. Now I am confident that I can do practical work with the students. The modern tools in the workshop will also help our teaching at the school. The facilitator is experienced and answered the questions that were concerning us. We hope that in the future, more in-service training will be organized for other automotive electricians and teachers. We hope to be able to use the scanners and the other tools in the workshop, and make the workshop into a functional workshop to increase internally-generated revenues.’
Krobea Asante Technical Vocational Institute
PO Box 4
Contact: Reverend Solomon Okyere Asiamah
Ghana National Association of Garages
Contact: Osei Bonsu
Contact: Mr Bernd Jan de Rooij
Local Enterprises and Skills Development – LESDEP
Contact: Mrs Margaret Ansei Owusu
MDF West Africa Ltd
Contact: Mr Richard Yeboah