Edukans in Uganda
Education in Uganda
Uganda’s current formal education system is a four tier structure that is modeled along a 7-4-2-3 year progression pattern: Seven years of primary education, followed by four years of lower secondary or Ordinary level (‘O’ level), two years of upper secondary or advanced level (‘A’ level) and three to five years of tertiary education. In parallel, there is an alternative technical and vocational transitioning consisting of a wide variety of training programs that follow immediately after primary education and three or four year post-secondary technical/vocational programs. The structure of education has remained in force since attainment of independence over 50 years ago. Primary school leavers, have the option to proceed to secondary education or join P.7 enrolling BTVET institutions. O’ level/UCE leavers on the other hand have several options; these include proceeding with Advanced Level (UACE) Secondary education, enrolling for a two year advanced course in a BTVET institution, or enrolling for a two-year grade three primary teacher training program in a Primary Teachers’s College. A’ level/ UACE leavers also have several avenues for progression to higher education/training. These include (i) proceeding to university, (ii) joining a National Teachers College for a two year course (iii) Joining a Uganda Technical College for a two year course, (iv)Joining a Uganda College of Commerce for a two year course (Government of Uganda, 2016).
In Uganda Edukans and ELECU are strategic partners on quality education. Edukans is building up in Uganda, by 1st of September 2019 locally registered as Edukans Education Services (NGO and Ltd under Guarantee).
Currently, Edukans and ELECU work in the districts of Luwero, Nakasongolo and Nakaseke, piloting the Edukans EDU Q-Card tool for participatory assessment and education quality improvement on 100 schools in collaboration with the Ministry of Education and Sports (MoES) and other key stakeholders.
ELECU and Edukans Education Services focus on the implementation of products within the strategic programs: on quality education, work, gender and emergencies. ELECU’s focus is on quality education and – upcoming – education in emergencies. Edukans Education Services is the hub for Education and Work programmes and partnerships.
Per October the appointment of the Edukans Country Representative Uganda is planned. Contact details will follow.
Ambitions 2020 Uganda
- 100 STAR schools in current programme certified, 200 new schools identified
- 200 school leaders/ deputies and 3,000 teachers trained in active teaching and learning methodologies
- Improved academic achievement of 70,000 students
- Conduct yearly successful Edukans exchanges like World Teacher Program, with Core PTC’s and schools in their service area
- At least 20 agri-skills providers capacitated with 7 steps to Work approach to enable them to perform in market-oriented skill trainings reaching out to 9200+ rural youths (18-35 yrs) directly and another 7200 children and youth indirectly that will be able to improve their livelihoods.
1. Quality Education
The EDUstars quality improvement model underlies Edukans programme for school improvement and improving students’ academic achievement, both at primary school level as in first cycle secondary. The programme aims to improve the overall school situation focussing on five major domains: school environment, teaching, learning, school management and effective community participation (the five points of the star).
Each domain counts with 8 key indicators ranging from 1-4, compatible with the Ugandan Education Quality Framework.
Education Quality Card (EDU Q-Card)
The starting point for EDUstars education quality improvement is a participatory assessment with a hands-on online tool called EDU Q-Card. This tool follows the logic of the EDUstars model. The tool enables both expert- and self-assessment, produces on-the-spot reporting and makes improvement actionable. Working with EDU Q-Card requires a change from controlling way of working to coaching and guidance. <link met EDU Q-Card website?> Connected to the tool, Edukans offers other services, like trainings in Active Teaching and Learning, School Leadership.
EDU Q-Card programme
The objective of the EDUstars programme in 2019 is to improve students’ academic achievement in 100 primary schools starting with EDU Q-Card assessments in the districts of Luwero, Nakasongolo en Nakaseke.
- Strengthened guidance and coaching of 100 schools by 9 school inspectors, 3 district education officers and 19 CCT’s (Centre Coordinating Tutors.
- Improved leadership and management capacities of 200 head teachers and deputies
- 1,000 primary teachers capacitated in ATL (Active Teaching and Learning)
- Improved learning outcomes for 30,000 students.
- Involve MoES to adopt the EDU Q-Card as a new approach of monitoring and guidance of schools, according to their own policy.
- Capacity building (training) of school inspectors, district education officers and CCT’s in EDU Q-Card assessment tool and methodology, ‘appreciative inquiry’ and coaching.
- Regular assessments in 3 years, at least once a year on every school, monitoring of progress and facilitate actions for improvement.
- Skills and employment
2.1 SKY programme, with AVSI
Through the Skilling Youth for Employment in Agri-business (SKY) project, running from 2016 – 2020, AVSI Foundation and Edukans strive to create employment opportunities for 6,000 youths in Uganda. As part of this ambition, the project invests in building the capacity of 14 agricultural training institutions. Three of these institutions have been selected to participate in a twinning program coordinated by Edukans. This twinning program aims to contribute to two key project outputs: 1) Profiled and selected Agri-Institutions capacity strengthened to deliver responsive agribusiness modules, and 2) Agri-institutions have adopted reviewed youth responsive agribusiness modules.
The main goal is to enhance sustainable creation of employment of youth in the agribusiness sector.
Three agricultural training institutes were selected for comprehensive capacity building activities:
St. Joseph Vocational Training Centre in Kamuli
Kyera Agricultural Training College in Mbarara
Busitema University/Arapai campus in Soroti
Beneficiaries of the Action
- 6000 unemployed youth provided with quality agriskills education and supported to find decent employment
- 14 agricultural training institutions and 2 Ugandan TVET institutions supported to provide quality and market oriented skill trainings
The 7-steps to WORK methodology was used in a twinning program between the Ugandan agricultural TVETs, Edukans and Dutch Agricultural TVETs. The activities focused on:
- Improved strategic planning and management of the schools
- Improved quality of education
- Improved business environment, and
- Improved market oriented training courses.
Two Ugandan TVETs (St. Joseph Vocational Training Centre and Kyera Agricultural Training College) were linked with two Dutch agricultural TVETs (TERRA college and NORDWIN college) for a period of two years. The twinning of the Dutch and Ugandan TVETs resulted in an increased capacity of the TVETS, more specifically in: more competent staff, active teaching methods, stronger industrial linkages between school and companies, more focus on business skills in curricula, improved internships and a better focus on employment opportunities.
The School Improvement Program of Busitema University aims to improve teaching skills and management skills at the Arapai campus (TVET and BSC level), and to strengthen the business approach and the linkage with the industry. Edukans and World Teacher teams use the 7-steps to WORK methodology in their training activities for a period of two years.
A Mid Term Review in 2019 showed that the most significant changes of the program so far are realized in the areas of active teaching and learning methodologies; integration of the business component in lessons and establishment of agribusiness linkages; and teamwork at the institutes. A short video (https://vimeo.com/339223331) demonstrates the active involvement of teachers and managers of the institutes and the achievements made.
A Learning Network Event between the three institutes will be held in October 2019, to take stock of the lessons learned, to exchange experiences and best practices, to showcase results to external parties and to increase networking among the institutes.
2.2. Heifer Learn4Agribusiness programme (2018-2020)
“Learn for Agri-business project (L4AB)” is a three year project implemented by Heifer International Uganda and Edukans intended to reach 3,200 youth in Dokolo district in Northern Uganda in the two subcounties of Kwera and Dokolo. The project focuses on agribusiness skills development blended with agribusiness value chain development.
Northern Uganda has one of the highest youth unemployment rates in the world. Particularly for rural youth there is a huge gap between their education, skills levels and market requirements. Edukans and Heifer decided to join forces to close this gap from both ends: by improving access to quality trainings for employable skills, while at the same time creating (self) employment opportunities in profitable agricultural value chains. This way 3,200 uneducated young people will be enabled to earn a decent income to support themselves and their families. To achieve this, youth are trained in methods to increase the production of maize, sunflower and groundnuts and to process, store, transport and sell their produce. With these skills they can participate in 2 newly established agri-business hubs that will link them to profitable markets, value chains and support structures.
The overall objective of the Learn4Agribusiness programme is to enable 3,200 youth (and 7200 other children of the targeted youth) in Dokolo district, North Uganda directly to make a decent and sustainable living in agricultural value chains: maize, groundnut and sunflower. Additional, 2 agriculture training institutions and extension staff will be trained as well.
- 3,200 rural youths (18-35 yrs), in 5 sub-counties (Agwata, Batta, Dokolo, Kangai and Kwera of Dokolo District reached with trainings.
- 3,200 youth in Dokolo district, Northern Uganda, directly enabled to make a decent and sustainable living in agricultural value chains.
- 20 extension staff of Dokolo District local government and 2 agriculture training institutions trained. They are constrained by limited capacities and resources to reach (vulnerable) youth. In addition, 7,200 other children of the targeted youth will benefit by increased income of their caretakers
- With the right technical skills for production (e.g. crop cycle management, soil conservation, composting, pest control, use of drought-resilient varieties) and processing (handling, transport, drying, storage, packaging, etc) young farmers can reach much higher production levels in a more sustainable and cost-efficient way.
Heifer implements the project in liaison with a number of stakeholders among which the government, microfinance institutions and community agri-input entrepreneurs, via their approach of ‘Agri-hubs’ enabling the beneficiaries to access affordable credit. Edukans provides add-on training and capacity building.
Beneficiaries of the Action
- 3200 unemployed youth are provided with quality TVET education and supported to find decent employment
- In addition, 7,200 other children of the targeted youth will benefit by increased income of their caretakers
- 2 agriculture training institutions and 20 extension staff are trained for adequate teaching on market oriented skill trainings and guidance of trainees for better agricultural extension provision and income earning opportunities
Implementation Area and priority sectors
The programme is implemented in 5 sub-counties (Agwata, Batta, Dokolo, Kangai and Kwera of Dokolo District. From two project studies (i.e. Labor Market Assessment and Value Chain analysis and Feasibility study), Edukans focusses on development and training on 13 curricula frameworks (11 Value Chains, 1 soft skill, 1 Business and Entrepreneurship). Priority area skills training delivery, development of Information Education and Communication (IEC) materials and aid in information enhancement during training.
3. Education in Emergencies
Edukans is looking into possibilities to join EiE programmes in the Northern part of Uganda (‘Education Cannot Wait’). ELECU is part of the network. As soon as the Edukans Country Office is operational, we will network with the partners and bring in our expertise on EDU Q-Card, Active Teaching and Learning (ATL) and Social and Emotional Learning (SEL).
SEL centers on ‘teaching the whole child’, focusing five interrelated competencies: self-awareness, self-management, social awareness, relationship skills, and responsible decision making. Interestingly, the pilot produced promising results in terms of boosting children’s self-awareness, emotional management of theirs and others. We expect SEL – now piloted in Ethiopia – to have high relevance in EiE settings.
Sexual and Reproductive Health ..
Sexual and reproductive health education is another Theme and programmatic intervention relevant for the Ugandan context; especially in refugee settings. This will also be explored. Adolescents and young people lack proper knowledge and have serious misconceptions, beliefs and wrong information about their sexuality and reproductive health aspects of life. All these bring serious challenges and vulnerability to various social, health, economic, emotional and physical complications in their later life, especially for girls.